In the beginning of 1942, in order to fight against the T-34, the German
military ordered a new tank from Dymler-Benz and M.A.N. companies with the
Weight- 35 tons; speed- 60 km/h; armament 75mm long gun and armour, 60mm thick
in front hull, 35mm thick in the rear and 100 mm at the front of the gun turret.
Lastly, it was specified that the tank be equipped with a Maiback HL210,
water-cooled, V-type 12 cylinder engine. In May of the same year, M.A.N.'s model
was chosen without waiting for completion of a prototype tank. However, there
were 2 important modifications. First, in order to meet the military's demand,
considerably more than the original 35 ton weight was needed. Second, the
military ordered a change in the thickness of the frontal armour from 60mm to
Because of these changes, the engine type had to be chanded from HL210 to HL230.
Then, in order to accommodate this engine, a much better gear was needed, but
mass production began without this last change, which resulted in frequent gear
malfunctions and related trouble. This became the Panther's greatest defect. In
the same year, Dymler-Benz and Henschel were ordered to produce the Panther.
Therefore, production was greatly increased and a total of 6283 Panther Tanks
were produced, second only to P2KW-4 in number.
The first mass produced Panther type D was not equipped with a machine gun but
after the experience of close battle. A 7.92mm MG 34 was added to the Panther's
right front hull armament beginning with its type A. The special feature of the
Panther was the left and right driving mechanism. This created an
interchangeability of movements, using the torsion bar system. By 1944, the
Panther was further improved from Type A to Type G with a change in its side
The Panther continued its activities against the Allied Forces throughout the
latter half of the war. One of the famed battles it waged during this latter
period probably is the one against the new Soviet JS II heavy tank on the
The Panther at that time, was the main strength tank of the Gross Deutschland,
the strongest German Mechanized Division, under the command of General Hasso Von
Manteuffel. The Panther reportedly destroyed 350 JS II tanks and 20 other
armoured vehicles in the battle. It was a complete one-sided victory for the
Panther and one for the book of military history. The Panther, therefore, was an
extremely balanced tactical tank and should be called a masterpiece destined to
bear the last glory of German war technology. It's glorious name will forever
remain in the records of the 2nd World War.
Since 1943, during World War II, thee appeared an unusually fast tank on the
European Front that silhoueted among its German Mechanized Division. This was
the "Panther" medium tank, with its formidable power of attack and fast
maneuverability, that soon became an object of terror to men of the Allied
If put to a question, "Which was the best German tank during the war?" The
majority of the people, without hesitation will answer the name "Panther". It is
known that the PZKW-IV and the Tiger-II tanks were also produced by German
technology and were both outstanding tanks. But the PZKW-IV was meant to be
replaced by the Panther, and the Panther, showing improved attacking and
defensive powers and accurate maneuver ability on the field, soon became the
German's main strength tank.
The Tiger I with its 88mm gun would seem at first to be superior to the
Panther's 75mm gun in attacking power. But when viewed from the point of armour
piercing power of the shell, the Panther, with its 70 caliber KWK 42 anti tank
gun and sloping side armour provided much stronger in actual fighting than the
Tiger I's 56 caliber KWK 36 anti tank gun with vertival side armour.
The Tiger II tank, which should be called the 'improved Panther' was much
stronger in attacking and defensive power than the Panther. However, considering
the number of Panthers produced and used during this time, the Panther tank was
still number 1.
The main strength German tanks at the start of the war were all unique in the
sense that their designs were completely based on German plans and ideas. But
the Panther was influenced by the Soviet masterpiece tank T-34 which was seen
for the first time on the east European Front.